These are the underlying data to the Urban Institute’s Exploring Spatial Gaps in Access to Jobs by Race and Ethnicity “Exploring Spatial Gaps in Access to Jobs by Race and Ethnicity” digital fact sheets for 25 metropolitan areas.
In these digital fact sheets, we examine how access to job opportunities for low-wage workers varies based on their race and /ethnicity and where they live. For select metropolitan regions, we compare gaps in access to jobs between workers who are white and workers who are people of color, and explore access over time by race and ethnicity. To calculate access, we created a measure that shows how many jobs are available to a resident of a given neighborhood within a 30-minute commute via public transit, accounting for competition for those jobs. We also include suggested steps that local leaders can take to address gaps in access.
Data and Resources
2007-01-01 00:00 to 2019-01-01 00:00
|Public Access Level
|Data Dictionary Files
|Units of Observation
|Original Data Source
|Data Quality or Limitations
We did not include places with fewer than 250 people of color and/or fewer than 250 non-Hispanic white people in our final analysis.
Urban Institute. 2023. "Exploring Spatial Gaps in Access to Low-Wage Jobs by Race and Ethnicity". Accessible from https://datacatalog.urban.org/dataset/exploring-spatial-gaps-access-low-.... Data originally sourced from Transitland feed registry, OpenStreetMap, US Census Bureau Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Origin-Destination Employment Statistics, and US Census Bureau American Community Survey 2017–2021, developed at the Urban Institute, and made available under the ODC-BY 1.0 Attribution License.