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State-by-State Spending on Kids Dataset

This dataset provides a comprehensive accounting of public spending on children from 1997 through 2016. It draws on the US Census Bureau’s Annual Survey of State and Local Government Finances, as well as several federal and other noncensus sources, to capture state-by-state spending on education, income security, health, and other areas. The data were assembled by Julia Isaacs, Eleanor Lauderback, and Erica Greenberg of the Urban Institute, working in collaboration with Margot Jackson of Brown University for her study of public spending on children and class gaps in child development. This work has been supported (in part) by grant #83-18-23 from the Russell Sage Foundation and (in part) by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health under award #R03HD097421. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the foundation or National Institutes of Health.

These fields are compatible with DCAT, an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.
Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
United States of America
Temporal Coverage
1997-01-01 00:00 to 2016-12-31 00:00
English (United States)
Julia Isaacs, Eleanor Lauderback, and Erica Greenberg
Contact Name
Greenberg, Erica
Contact Email
Public Access Level
These fields are specific to Urban Institute.
Data Dictionary Files
Geographic Level
Data Value
Units of Observation
Universe Target Population
All public spending on kids in the US.
Data Quality or Limitations

Please see the data dictionary for source and imputation information. Data are limited by the categories included in source datasets and by availability in some states and years.

Citation Requirements

Isaacs, Julia, Eleanor Lauderback, and Erica Greenberg. 2020. State-by-State Spending on Kids Dataset. Accessible from Data originally collected from multiple sources, developed at the Urban Institute, and made available under the ODC-BY 1.0 Attribution License.